The current statistics on skin cancer are astounding. Three and a half million skin cancers are diagnosed in America every year, more than all other forms of cancer put together. Malignant melanoma is the most deadly form and 9,700 people die from this form of cancer each year. Squamous cell cancer is the second deadliest form of skin cancer and this type of cancer has increased by two hundred percent over the last thirty years. However, it is heartening to know that the modern medicine has made it easier to diagnose and treat skin cancers.
The Two Technologies Used to Diagnose Cancer of the Skin
The dermatoscopy and the MelaFind use sophisticated data analysis and light waves to diagnose lesions that look suspicious. A study conducted in 2011 concluded MelaFind could detect ninety-eight percent of malignant melanomas, whereas a dermatology examination was only able to detect seventy-eight percent. The early stages of melanoma can be difficult to detect and diagnose, so this is good news if the skin cancer is treatable.
The medical professionals are constantly trying to find other ways to treat this type of cancer. Topical therapies such as ingenol mebutate, trichloroacetic acid and 5-fluorouracil as well as Phototherapy and cryotherapy are used to treat aggressive precancerous lesions.
If the specialist diagnoses skin cancer it is usually surgically removed. In some cases this is not an option, but the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has certified several other kinds of medication as well as chemotherapy. Drugs such as ipilimumab and imiquimod activate the body’s immune system to treat the skin cancer.
Naturally, the preventing skin damage is the best form of treatment. You should wear an SPF 15 sunscreen daily. Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the warning sigon the American Cancer Society’s website. Skin cancer warnings include:
- Border irregularity: the border of the mole is ragged or blurred
- Asymmetry: One side of the mole looks different to the other
- Diameter: The lesion measures a quarter of an inch in diameter, or it is a new lesion
- Color: Your mole is multi-coloured. The mole may be black, brown or tan with hints of blue, white, pink or red
- The Mole Evolves: The mole changes color, shape or size
These are some of the possible signs of skin cancer.